Nine Seowon

Korean Neo-Confucian Academies

The nine seowon are Sosu-seowon, Namgye-seowon, Oksan-seowon, Dosan-seowon, Piram-seowon, Dodong-seowon, Byeongsan-seowon, Museong-seowonand Donam-seowon--are an outstanding testimony to the prevalence of Neo-Confucianism in educational and social practices in the Joseon Dynasty. Established from the mid-16th to mid17th century, they exhibit a unique tradition of history and intangible values of Neo-Confucianism serving as an underlying base of education.