Korean Neo-Confucian Academies
the first example in Korea.
Located in Yeongju City, Gyeongsangbukdo Province,Sosu-seowonis Korea’s first Seowon established in 1543.
Sosu-seowon was established under the leadership of Ju Se-bung (1495-1554) and localsarim. The academy became a pioneer ofseowon education, including the number of classes, evaluation methods, and admissions, as well as in operational regulations for veneration. In particular, the educational regulations set forth bySosu-seowonmade a significant contribution to subsequentseowon. As the first academy in Korea, Sosu-seowonboasts the longest tradition of uninterrupted traditions of veneration in Korea. It has preserved a variety of records that provide a glimpse into the establishment and development of seowon institutions.
Sosu-seowon enshrines the spiritual tablet of An Hyang (1243-1306) who introduced Neo-Confucianism from the Yuan Dynasty (1260-1368) of China. He was born in the area and the academy was established at the site where he used to study. In the later period, An Chuk (1282-1348), An Bo (1302~1357) and Ju Se-bung were additionally enshrined at the shrine. AnChuk and An Bo had a high level of knowledge and expertise in Neo-Confucianism and were descendants of An Hyang and from the region. Ju Se-bung initiated the establishment of the academy after becoming the local magistrate of the area.
Myeongnyundang lecture hall